Lifestyles

Barcelona, a Gothic and Modernist marvel on the Mediterranean Sea

Kirill Neiezhmakov # Lifestyles
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Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia, is a Mediterranean and cosmopolitan city with Roman remains, medieval quarters and the most beautiful examples of 20th century Modernism and avant-garde. It is no surprise that emblematic constructions by the Catalan architects Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Doménech i Montaner have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

The city's origins are Roman, and its long history and economic dynamism have made Barcelona a cultural city, which can be seen in the historic-artistic heritage and the promotion of the most innovative artistic trends. A wide cultural programme will take visitors to museums, exhibitions, open-air sculptures… and many concerts, plays and dances.

Popular culture also has its manifestations in this city, which still conserves its most cherished traditions, like the fiestas of La Mercè or the festivities in the neighbourhoods of Gràcia, Sants and Poblenou. These are all exceptional opportunities for getting to know the city's more festive side.

Tradition and modernity can also be seen in its innovative and imaginative gastronomy, based on fresh garden produce, fresh fish, a wide variety of sausages and olive oil. Traditional handmade cakes and pastries and sparkling wines are some of the other highlights in this brief overview of Barcelona's gastronomic culture.

Strolling around the streets of Barcelona will bring surprises at every turn. Pedestrian streets in the old quarter, green spaces, and a splendid seafront with a range of modern facilities are a reflection of its multi-faceted character. Barcelona has cleverly succeeded in embracing its past without forgetting its commitment to the future.

The city is endowed with some exceptional infrastructures which are in demand as venues for seminars, symposia and international events. Its exceptional transport connections, the Mediterranean climate and the multitude of attractions for visitors make Barcelona one of the world's leading business cities. Business parks and exhibition and conference centres host a wide range of initiatives.

Visitors coming to Barcelona for pleasure or on business can also enjoy the city's Mediterranean character, which can so clearly be seen on the Barc elona coast. The city also has lovely urban beaches, marine resorts, and golf courses on the seashore. Nature lovers will not have to go far to explore the mountains in the Cordillera Litoral range and the Catalan Pyrenees.

Situada en una posición privilegiada de la costa noreste de la Península Ibérica y a orillas del Mediterráneo, Barcelona es la segunda ciudad más grande de España tanto en tamaño como en población. También es la capital de Cataluña, una de las diecisiete comunidades autónomas que conforman España. En Barcelona se hablan dos lenguas oficiales: catalán, que en general se habla en toda Cataluña, y castellano o español.


La ciudad de Barcelona tiene una población de 1.510.000 habitantes, pero este número se incrementa hasta más de 4.000.000 si incluimos las áreas periféricas.

La capital de Cataluña es inequívocamente una ciudad mediterránea, no sólo por su ubicación geográfica sino también a causa de su historia, tradición e influencias culturales.

La historia documentada de la ciudad se remonta a la fundación de una colonia romana en su ubicación actual en el siglo II a.C. La Barcelona moderna experimentó un crecimiento espectacular y un resurgimiento económico basado en la industrialización a lo largo de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX.

La Exposición Universal de 1888 se convirtió en un símbolo de la capacidad para trabajar duro y de la imagen internacional de la ciudad. La cultura y las artes florecieron en Barcelona y en toda Cataluña; el extremo conseguido por el modernismo catalán es una de sus más patentes demostraciones.